8.0 Hazardous Material Releases

    1. 8.1 Release Response Qualification
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    1. a. These procedures are general guidelines to be implemented when hazardous material is spilled. These measures may be abandoned in lieu of more appropriate response actions if the individual causing, discovering, or responding to the release has knowledge of the properties of the material and determines that the situation warrants an alternate course of action.
    2. b. No individual is to involve themselves in an incident involving hazardous materials unless they have received spill response training and have donned appropriate personal protective equipment.
    1. 8.2 Responsibilities
    1. a. In the event of a spill of hazardous material, it is the duty of the individual(s) responsible for it, or who first encounter the spill to take immediate action.
    2. b. Depending on their level of confidence and expertise, such action would be either:
  •     *Begin remediating the spill, or
  •     *Alert a supervisor or the nearest Merrimack staff or faculty member.
    1. 8.3 Notification Requirements
    1. a. Notify the Police Department at 5911 or (978) 837-5911 and Physical Plant at 5144 or (978) 837-5144 (Days) if a spill of a flammable liquid is of such magnitude that it poses a risk of fire and cannot be remediated by site personnel. Be prepared to provide as much detail as possible.
    2. b. Notify the Police Department at 5911 or (978) 837-5911 if there are injuries that require more than first aid treatment.
    3. c. Contact the Police Department at 5911 or (978) 837-5911 if a release of any material is of a magnitude that campus personnel determine they are unable to remediate it.
    4. d. Notify occupants in adjoining or nearby rooms for spills that occur inside a building.
  • 8.4 Emergency Notification Information
  •                             In the event of a release, notify the Police Department at 5911 or (978)-837-5911 and include as much information listed below as possible. Some of the information may be obtained from the material safety data sheet.
    1. a. The name of the spilled substance(s)
    2. b. An estimate of the quantity spilled.
    3. c. The time the spill occurred.
    4. d. Whether or not any of the substance has evaporated and/or come in contact with the ground (i.e. soil).
    5. e. Any health risks associated with the substance.
    6. f. Any precautions that should be taken to protect the surrounding community.
    7. g. Name(s) and telephone number(s) of person(s) to be contacted for further information.
    1. 8.5 Spill Remediation – Hazardous Solids (Any Quantity)
    1. a. Clear the area surrounding the release to eliminate any contact of the hazardous material by people in the area.
    2. b. Determine if there are any people with injuries or who have come into contact with the hazardous material. Respond to injuries by enlisting the support of nearby individuals to help provide assistance. Direct those who have come into contact with the material to immediately rinse the area of contact (i.e. skin or clothing) with copious amounts of water.
    1. 8.6   Spill Remediation – Hazardous Liquids (Major Quantity)
  • Definition: A major quantity is defined as any amount that appears to be of such quantity, or seems to be endangering enough that it cann0ot be adequately remediated by college personnel.
  • The steps listed below are to be followed in the event of a major spill:
    1. a. Eliminate contact with or exposure to the hazardous material by clearing the vicinity of the release. If a material is volatile, flammable, or is known to have (or suspected of having) toxic properties, activate the nearest fire alarm. Additionally, contact the Police Department at 5911 or (978) 837-5911 to report the incident.
    2. b. Determine if there are any people who are injured or who have come into contact with the hazardous material. Respond to injuries by enlisting the support of nearby individuals to help provide assistance. Direct those who have come into contact with the material to immediately rinse the area of contact (i.e. skin or clothing) with copious amounts of water.
    3. c. Alert the Police Department at 5911 or (978) 837-5911 regarding the nature and location of the alarm.
    4. d. Await the arrival of emergency response personnel. Upon their arrival, brief them on the details of the spill and the status of any injuries.
    5. e. Coordinate the management of spill residues.
    6. f. Ensure that all waste is placed in a suitable container.
    7. g. Seal the container and label it “HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SPILL RESIDUE.”
    8. h. Attach a copy of the corresponding material safety data sheet(s) to the outside of the container.
    1. 8.7 Spill Remediation 0 Hazardous Liquids (Minor Quantity)
  • Definition: A minor quantity is defined as a spill that can be remediated by on-scene college personnel. Take the following steps in the event of a minor spill:
    1. a. Eliminate contact with and exposure to the hazardous material by clearing the area of the release.
    2. b. Consider evacuating the room if the substance is volatile, flammable, or is known to have (or suspected to have) toxic properties.
    3. c. If the release is inside a building, isolate the area to contain the spill by ensuring doors and windows are closed.
    4. d. Minimize potentially endangering conditions by:
  • Extinguishing open flames, removing any other ignition sources, and unplugging nearby electrical equipment; and
  • Closing interior doors (i.e. doors that lead to adjoining rooms or interior hallways).
    1. e. Respond to people who are injured or who have come into contact with the hazardous material. To address injuries, enlist the support of anyone who is nearby to provide assistance. Direct those who have come into contact with the material to immediately rinse the area of contact (i.e. skin or clothing) with copious amounts of water.
    2. f. If possible, ventilate the room to the outdoors by opening exterior doors and windows.
    3. g. Alert the Police Department at 5911 or (978) 837-5911 that a spill has occurred. Follow laboratory procedures for chemical spill cleanup.

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